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New Market, Piedmont, and the Fall of Staunton
Formed by the Alleghenies to the west and the Blue Ridge to the east, the Valley shelters the Shenandoah River on its journey down to the Potomac at Harpers Ferry.
The terrain explains why some of the largest and most significant battles of the Valley’s 1862 and 1864 campaigns occurred within sight of Signal Knob.
The New Market-Luray area was at the crossroads of the Shenandoah Valley's wartime campaigns.
The Rockingham Area, in the heart of the Shenandoah Valley, experienced the Civil War in all of its phases.
Thanks to its location along the Staunton-to-Parkersburg Turnpike (modern-day US 250), Union and Confederate armies used Highland as a “back door” to the Shenandoah Valley.
While most battles were fought in other areas, the Virginia Central Railroad, with a depot in Staunton, provided a crucial supply link between the Valley and Richmond.