Frederick and Clarke Counties 9/19/1864
Preservation National Park

Because of its size, intensity, and result, many historians consider Third Winchester the most important conflict of the Shenandoah Valley.

The large Opequon (Third Winchester) battlefield occupies most of present-day Winchester, including Old Town, plus the rolling topography east of town—especially the lands along present-day Va Route 7 and the “Berryville Canyon”—and lands northeast of town along Opequon Creek. Outside the city most of this landscape is open farmland with low rises punctuating the landscape. Today much of the area has been built upon — and I-81 crosses through the middle of the battlefield — but most of the eastern stretches retain their integrity as farmland and orchards.

More than 600 acres have been protected at Third Winchester — most of it contiguous — by the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation, the Civil War Trust, the Virginia Outdoors Foundation, the Virginia departments of Historic Resources and Game and Inland Fisheries, and other partners.


Third Winchester was one of the largest battles fought in the Shenandoah Valley and resulted in the wounding and deaths of several important generals on both sides. Federal use of spies provided vital information that led to success in the battle. The battle was an example of well-executed use of a cavalry charge to turn a fixed position.

3639 Acres Still Need Protection

Visitor Information

Civil War Orientation Center & Winchester-Frederick County Visitors Center
1400 S. Pleasant Valley Road
Winchester, VA 22601
877-871-1326 Daily 9am - 5pm