Published on February 19, 2016

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Civil War trails sign on the pacifist community during the Civil War.

The Mill Creek Church of the Brethren stands on the site of the antebellum building that would be used as a hospital during the Battle of Cross Keys, June 8, 1862.  Brethren church members had been farmers in the area since the early 18th  century and their beliefs forbade them from owning slaves, rebelling against an established authority and taking another man’s life.  At points in the war, members of this church, or “Dunkers” as they were called for their belief in adult baptism, were given exceptions for their conscientious objection to the war and violence, yet persecution still took place.

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Port Republic Rd.
Cross Keys, VA 24471